Real utilitarian considers the world benefit.
What are the problems of CBA?
Cost Benefit Analysis- Biggest bang for buck.
Best consequence of good over bad.
Number of people helped.
Likelihood of it occurring.
How much you regulate
How much you want to make safer.
Liberal more likely to be nonconsequentialist.
Quiz 1- Four criticisms of utilitarian
dwarfing of soft variables.
define value of life.
the auto and air bags.
value of life auto industry $180,000
value of human life.
value of cure in future.
Different consequentialist disagree
Problem applying vs criticism
1. Ignores moral rules and rights. morals on stilts.
2. Ignores Justice
3. Ignores obligation
4. Ignores special obligations.
Do we get rights from God?
Where do rights come from?
Can we have a theory without rights?
One theory is the exclusion of the other in all cases.
No particular case to make a theory
But use reason to get to a theory and then examine case.
Can you doubt a theory?
Peter Seger - based on reason
Shock people - look at my reasoning.
Debate on role of intuition - Is your evidence wrong?
Struggle between principles and theories.
Utilitarian leads to torture.
2. Denial of justice.
Ignore justice - punishment- only when good comes out of it.
- Protect society - Deter other people
- Separate from people
- Closure of victims by loved ones.
Kant - Is it wrong no to punish one for an immoral act.
Time changes people- like Nazi war criminals
Remorse - Change since crime
Rut people retain identity
Does good come out of prison or should a bad person be punished.
Distributive justice - amount
Everybody free 10 % slaves in a state
total happiness not as great 90% extremely happy
This is not reasonable
Cut Tax - Utilitarian
After tax cut Before tax cut
Middle class Middle
4. Utilitarian - ignores special obligation to special people
Save father or save more foreigners.
Revenge - feelings Distribution justice - fit the crime
Causes for belief vs justification
Give impartial reason for favoring your child
Reason - Because you are my child
Utilitarianism - All people are equal
hen is Consequentialism a good theory?
Lead to Kant
Morally relevant differs
between acts and omissions
Williams - agent kill one Indian to save others
What is an obligation
Kant -Intent to act
What thing makes moral choises?
Criticism of Utilitarianism
Makes us do horrible things.
Requires too much.