Ethical Relativism - No universal rule
Opinion vs truth
Travel to ethnic Land
Collapse of communism - led to highlights of conflicts of morals in the word.
Cultures in other periods of time.
A belief so well rounded it comes close to knowledge
Ruth Benedict - argues against ethnocentralism
Apply to all persons in all time.
Claim to a belief as a truth. Then impose values or express tolerance
See Pres Bush in West Point June 1, 2002
Was South Africa wrong?
Should we do anything about it?
*Standard Ethical View : Rational and Impartial
Pakistani woman gang raped because her brother committed adultery. She did not commit suicide, but spoke out
Ethical Absolutism vs Relativistic
Western culture may infiltrate other cultures.
2 Challenges to ethics
1. broad based reason
2. Obligation belongs only to us
Rational Ethics- Standpoint must be based upon reason. Base on values.
Impartial Ethics - Apply to all
Distinguish Ethical Relativism from social relativism
Social Relativism (normalism) Societies differ - Observe truth
Some ethical truths between all cultures.
Connect belief and truth
Should we say
? - No culture can be mistaken in its belief about ethics.
Ethics is created by the human mind
No method to show right or wrong.
Yes there is a method.
Reduction to absurd argument
Promise x=> Y is wrong then X is wrong.
Absolute Relivance Absurdity
- Moral comparisons among groups would be meaningless - Against relevance.
- Moral judgement - even with in a group would be impossible.
Abortion is ok because of the psychol;ogical state of mother.
It doesn't matter how the results comes about.
What ever side wins- Relativist.
What is right is the current system.