Chapter 4 Box page95 page125
Different measures but both right
52% part faculty
70 % credit loads
Full time faculty in research
3 Purposes- Need more than one
Pro - Valuable in social science research. Breaks new ground. New theory
Con Seldom provides satisfactory answers. Can hint or suggest
Scientific Description more accurate than casual observation
Qualities are descriptive, but not good in why
Social issues connect to politics.
Logic of mathematical explination
Find factors account for causes
Changes in one are associated with changes in the other.
Associations are not necessarily causes of changes
McDonalds causes obesity
Necessary and sufficient cause
Necessary cause If present generate
Must be present for effect but not only
Effect to cause possible cause
Units of Analysis
Difference from unit of analysis and aggregate.. – Typical CRJ 300 –individual –unit of analysis
Look at individual groups- Lower income. More unemployment or type of work.
5. Social artifact.
Unit of analysis- Unlimited
Pitfalls about unit of analysis
False – What you learn about a group tells about the individual. P109
Cross sectional – snapshot
Trend – Changes over time. Very difficult and cost money at universities
Strategies – Identify units of analysis
Unit of analysis 14 women tom boy
Elements of research proposal
P144 Paper stop at 1