A revolt against the rationalist overstate of orientation of traditional philosophy.
The quest of the philosopher was the quest for the ultimate unity.
[God, universal essence]
His epitaph: "the individual"
Existentialism. But the world is not a system! And it is not rational.. '. Therefore or the individual cannot be understood within a system.
Point. What does it mean for any thing to exist? "Existence is not a predicate.
The concept of an object does not entail its existence.
- What is belief, willing, emotion, feeling, mental status?
Traditional philosophy. Viewed these as natural events. The same applies to conscience(in general).
Consider Liebniz: - Question Why are there things rather than not?
This question presupposes the principle of sufficient reason - Every event has a sufficient cause.
- Traditional philosophy was in a way based on the principle. . '. God necessarily exists.
But existentialism considers the Liebneiz question misleading.
(On the contrary: On the contrary: The world (reality) is contin gend absund~! )
(There is no ultimate explanation for why things exist. )
- To say that a very thing has a cause implies that humans are not free!
Essence precedes Existence! But no existence precedes essence]
we condemned to choose what we do in our life? ..