General Remarks.

A revolt against the rationalist overstate of orientation of traditional philosophy.

The quest of the philosopher was the quest for the ultimate unity.

[God, universal essence]

  1. The individual vs the system (Kierkagaard)

His epitaph: "the individual"

Existentialism. But the world is not a system! And it is not rational.. '. Therefore or the individual cannot be understood within a system.

Point. What does it mean for any thing to exist? "Existence is not a predicate.

The concept of an object does not entail its existence.

  1. Intentionality

- What is belief, willing, emotion, feeling, mental status?

Traditional philosophy. Viewed these as natural events. The same applies to conscience(in general).

Consider Liebniz: - Question Why are there things rather than not?

This question presupposes the principle of sufficient reason - Every event has a sufficient cause.

- Traditional philosophy was in a way based on the principle. . '. God necessarily exists.

But existentialism considers the Liebneiz question misleading.

(On the contrary: On the contrary: The world (reality) is contin gend absund~! )

(There is no ultimate explanation for why things exist. )

- To say that a very thing has a cause implies that humans are not free!

  1. Freedom(choose)

Essence precedes Existence! But no existence precedes essence]


we condemned to choose what we do in our life? ..

  1. Anxiety, ,death
  2. Commensurate
  3. Memory