Aristotle: Virtue (Morals) Ethics
What is virtue? virtue = excellence (arele)
2 kinds of virtue
- These are acquired by habit (imitation) and experience. "habit" ethos, disposition
- We are not born moral, but with potentiality to become moral (immoral).
- They are not engendered by nature, nor contrary to nature.
Exp. We become just, loving, .... by doing just moral acts.
Conditions of moral virtue: An action is virtuous if it meets the following conditions:
5 Things. What is virtue?
Virtue is a quality disposition which involve as a choice according to the mean realities to us as individuals, determined by a rational principle, the way a man of practical wisdom would determine it.
Mean: mid point between 2 extremes, excess and deficiency. These extremes are evil.
Excess Virtue Deficiency
X_________________X____________________X Not mathematical
Evil Generous Evil
Criteria of choice: Must avoid extreme
Explain - right amount, circumspect, native
Standard of moral evolution
What should I do? _______ Do not lie
Deliberate and |_|_|_|_|_| conflict
make the right choice |_|_|_|_|_| Daily activities
Highest good? Highest moral principle? Happiness?
Account for a moral principle.
Function of man as man? Rational action => Virtue
Standard of moral obligation
What is virtue? Can work with the person. Not be afraid.
Proxio: action practice.
1. By doing | Take place in family first
Disposition- habit by time child is 20 years old
Step into character without noticing.
inclination - feeling by emotions
Character- Moral education
Potendia: Power, capacity
A child raised by animals not moral or immoral
set down with a friend
Episode in time
Art of making judgements
() instill in child
( ) moral quality (virtue)
( ) Character
Moral character: interpretation of the moral qualities instill in the mind of the individual
Jung and Freud can learn the character of the father and mother by studying the child.
They determine the growth of the child
Acting virtuous does not necessary mean moral person.
Aristotle- Must be
Morally consistent character. Can not have a holiday from being moral. I can not be moral for one community and immoral for another community.
Today- paralysis of moral character in the work place.
choice- feeling? -wish? psychological make up? No.
Choice. Function of reason- Aristotle deliberation
Undertake an activity of deliberation-
moral investigation in moral problems
evolution - cause of action available in this situation
Reflect on job, income, family.