The Case for Determinism- Holbach
I was formed without my knowledge or consent. I did not choose my body, ideas, emotions, habits, mind ... in short, what I am .Again, I am always, in whatever I do, under the influence of some factors or force - physical, social, or psychological.
- As always, the stronger factor or force predetermines in its influence.
- Next, all these factors, or forces act according to certain laws.
will = force
Next, does one choose to be foolish, studious, lazy, prudent.
Question is the human "will" an originator of action?
Next what does it mean to choose? Do we choose our actions?
Freedom : the sense of freedom comes from our ignorance of the causes which at on us?
Do you agree?
But are my object. I can design an action or a project and implement it.
Again freedom consists in the removal of external factors or forces...
Determine by external or internal forces.
Itch for self or self determinism.
Want to be free from family, society. Powers that are mine. Is this an illusion? Or in fact we are not.
Millions of factors develop since birth. Society, culture, family.
What am I? Humanity?
Socrates - thinking
- willing. Being a subject- organize
[I is a source] prima cota
The being determined by something other. Does not originate from within. Are you in charge? Who
x ========== Y action Am I?
determine ======>\ \ =========> =========>
\ \ life
\ \ ====> =====>
Are you listening in class?
Or are you determined. Made to do or choose.
Are you a robot? Of course not.
External forces - prevailing force.
Survival - power motive.
Art - author, musical - It is the source (creativity)