Development of Marxism in Russia with the failure of Populism.

The period after 1880 was evolutionary in the European and Russian history. Poets and philosophers of Germany, such as Heigel, trumped culture differences. Russia could have its own culture.

Populism as advocated by the intelligentsia was at its end. The czar and nobles tradition was to be replaced by Marxism. Labor, and the proletariat developed by the industrialization of Russia, could replace the bourgeois.

Russia had rail roads, built with borrowed money. Railroad workers worked long and hard hours. Communication was still written by letters and published documents. The telegraph did not transmit long texts.

The Social Democratic Labor party was created in 1903 for the robotnichy (workers).

Lenin, in his "What is to Be Done" article had a model to follow to take advantage of the change in Russia. Most of the financial data on borrowed money used to justify his thesis was supplied by European countries.

The Marxist party was formed in the early 1900's (possibly 1920).

The unpopular Russian war with Japan and other economic conditions contributed to a need for political change.