Russian Intelligentsia

Marc Raeff provides an insight into the development of Russia's collective conscience. He chose to use, as examples, people who were members included in the Table of Rank that was established by Peter the Great. Membership in the Table of rank was granted to those who provided a service to the state. This established nobility under the Czar. The liberation of the nobles from the strict code of the Table of Ranks was gradual, and incomplete. Progress was made under the reign of Catherine and continued until the Decemberist movement.

Books provided the media for transmitting the culture of Russia to the peasants. Karamzin recognized the need for transparent information to be provided to the peasant. There was no internet or router server. Free Masons provided the incentive to read books by providing libraries for members.

When the French invaded Russia, Russians were forced to examine new ideas. When they defeated the French, they began to realize that Russia had a history and a national identity. The romanticism from France and Spain appealed to the nobles and provided a basis for the eventual appearance of the intelligentsia. The French subjugated the German states on their way to Moscow. The Prussian view of the industrial Revolution was at ridiculed as degrading the individual. The military discipline of the Germans did not allow for culture of the Russian people to be expressed.

The Decembrist movement culminated the process of recognizing the peasant as the heart of Russia.

No internet database or Google search was available in 1966 for the authors in the West to use. Russia may have a dot com now, but is not in the Europa web site, where information is freely available. The Romanticism of the European Union is evident in their charters. The nations of Europe are collectively grouped in the new union. Free trade, some of it with Russia, could be a subject of discussion in the new Russian intelligentsia.