Slavophile - Old Russia.
Russian literature and thoughts were transmitted through letters that were published. The content of the letters formed a large part of the Russian intelligentsia. This was the communication system that is referenced in Marc Raeff "Russian Intellectual History".
The question of how to develop Russia to keep up with the West was a concern of the Czar. The Russian press was censored by the czar. Russian writers then had to patronize " hinlassen abholden " the czar to continue the work. Writers had to publish for their works to be read. If a writer offended the czar his works would not be published. In some cases the czar could exile or arrest the writer. The tendency to patronize the czar did not always pay off. The Slavophile philosophy writing could and did backfire, with the czar taking offence to the philosophical discussions in the publication. He would perceive the writings a counter to the reforms of Peter the great to liberate the serfs.
Kireevski, Khomiakov and Aksakov were three authors that published letters, and to a degree, were punished by the czarist censors for their views.
The authors to be discussed fell into this category. The czar did not appreciate the Russianess of their writings. The Slavophile past and the subject of the landless serfs was not a subject upon which to change the future of Russia.
In the west, rational thinging included social constructs, which established logical patterns of thought which could be applied to social studies. Russians thought that the peasants could not use these higher levels of philosophy, because of their lack of education. Russian writers rejected constructs. Instead they appealed to authority figures.
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